Trust, but verify. How to catch peanut butter engineering before it spreads into your system — Part 2: Verification.

Verification is a field that has emerged as its own discipline, no longer being relegated to an activity led by the design team, and to which time is allocated as long as it doesn’t get in the way of designing. Chip companies that want to have predictable product release cycles have realized that it is a false choice to pick between designing or verifying, you need to treat both with absolute devotion to be successful in today’s competitive market. And if you’re a system company, you absolutely need to make sure that your custom silicon supplier has top notch verification methodologies and verification engineers deployed to your project so that your system schedule is predictable, and your chip tape out is of a high quality. I have never met engineering executives and sales executives representing a chip supplier that will not claim that; their company has a great track record of on-time tape outs, first pass silicon, total commitment to excellence and top notch methodologies, not a single one has ever said anything different. Yet, truly first pass silicon is rare, and tape out delays are not uncommon, so someone is not telling the truth. That is why we offer the verification package as its own product, or as part of the full silicon management package, so that system companies can make an informed decision when choosing a supplier for their custom silicon program.

Some of the risks to watch out for when seeking to hire a silicon supplier for your custom silicon program are:

  • Run-break-fix. I’ve seen this happen in different situations:
  1. One of them is when you select a mostly analog chip supplier that usually releases small pin count parts, and your custom chip requires them to integrate multiple of those parts into one chip, and add some digital interfaces and control registers. While this sounds like something simple, when it fails it’s usually because the verification methodologies used by analog designers for small pin count chips may not, and usually don’t, scale to higher level integration. To add to the difficulties, analog designers who are used to being top dog in the hierarchy balk at the idea of allowing verification leads to take charge of the top level verification, and instead try to scale up their methodologies and keep control of the project. Absent some honest desire by the chip supplier to adopt a verification methodology that scales and can integrate digital and analog, you’re going to have an unpredictable chip release schedule, and any delay in design will come at the cost of reduced verification. The ego of many designers simply gets in the way of the success of the program, and that is a very difficult situation to overcome, so best to avoid it altogether and choose a different supplier.

If your project ends up in a run-break-fix loop you could have 2,3,4 or more tape outs as you watch your system development take a huge delay, and once you select a supplier that turns out not to have the proper verification chops you end up in a very bad situation of having to decide between continuing to invest more time and taking on more risk to your schedule with this supplier, or to take the full hit of going with a different supplier late in the game. Some system companies try to solve this by having multiple suppliers developing the same pin to pin compatible chip in parallel, but that will dilute the system company’s engineering team focus on making sure the chip is properly designed to the right specs that support the system.

  • Experienced, but done. It’s not unusual to find, while discussing the requirements of the verification review with a potential chip supplier, and further down the road when discussing the verification that has been run in preparation to tape out, that some of the more seasoned engineers instead of arguing why some type of verification doesn’t need to be run or improved because it’s covered in some way somewhere else, they will say: “I have twenty, thirty, etc… years of experience, and in my experience we just don’t need to do that.” What this engineer is really saying by choosing not to defend his position with an argument, and instead bring up his/her experience is that: “I lost my professional curiosity some time back, and stopped learning, and I am no longer interested in learning. So quit making me uncomfortable by asking me to change the way I do something, and challenging my worldview.” Once an engineer loses their curiosity, they are done as an engineer, and experience is valuable, but it ain’t going to by itself allow you to grow if you stopped being curious. If you as a system company see this type of person in lead roles for a custom chip program you need to get out of there, and select another supplier, especially when searching for a company that has good verification methodologies since this is a field that is relatively new and has changed a lot recently compared to other much more mature areas of silicon development.

There are no perfect supplier teams, and there is no perfect verification flow, every team has its strengths and weaknesses, and when selecting the supplier for your custom chip you need to decide if that is the right team for the type of chip you want to develop. Verification can be run forever with all sorts of randomized inputs, analog operating point combinations, etc… But at some point you need to tape out, and some bugs may have been missed which may be easier to find during validation rather than in a simulator. If you did a pretty thorough job you tend to find few (if any) digital bugs since the digital domain has very good tools already to maximize coverage, and most bugs will be found in the analog or RF parts of the chip.

Custom system silicon when done with the assistance of silicon experts puts the system company in control of its own destiny. Hiring silicon experts full time at your company may not be reasonable due to insufficient continuous work for them, and that is why provides you a solution so that you can engage with chip suppliers on custom silicon programs and mitigate all the risks listed above. When purchasing catalog parts for your system, unless you perform similar due diligence to what is described above, you’re trusting but not verifying that your components will be of good quality and not likely to cause yield or other issues when you go to production in high volumes.

Developing custom silicon can have huge benefits from an economic, engineering and market perspective for system companies, but it takes a structured and detailed approach to ensure proper take off and a successful landing. Don’t hesitate to contact us at for any further questions, or help you may require.

Originally published at

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